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Premessa 26

Recital 26

(26) Il-prinċipji ta’ protezzjoni tad-data għandhom japplikaw għal kwalunkwe informazzjoni dwar persuna fiżika identifikata jew identifikabbli.

Id-data personali li tkun għaddiet minn psewdonimizzazzjoni, li tista’ tiġi attribwita lil persuna fiżika bl-użu ta’ informazzjoni addizzjonali, għandha titqies bħala informazzjoni dwar persuna fiżika identifikabbli.

Sabiex jiġi ddeterminat jekk persuna fiżika hijiex identifikabbli, għandhom jitqiesu l-mezzi kollha li raġonevolment x’aktarx ikunu jintużaw, bħas-singolarizzazzjoni, mill-kontrollur jew minn kwalunkwe persuna oħra sabiex persuna fiżika tiġi identifikata direttament jew indirettament.

Sabiex jiġi aċċertat liema mezzi huma raġonevolment mistennija jintużaw għall-identifikazzjoni tal-persuna fiżika, għandu jittieħed kont tal-fatturi oġġettivi kollha, bħall-ispejjeż tal-identifikazzjoni u l-ammont ta’ żmien meħtieġ għall-identifikazzjoni, b’kont meħud tat-teknoloġija disponibbli fil-mument tal-ipproċessar u tal-iżviluppi teknoloġiċi.

Il-prinċipji tal-protezzjoni tad-data m’għandhomx għalhekk japplikaw għall-informazzjoni anonima, jiġifieri informazzjoni li mhijiex marbuta ma’ persuna fiżika identifikat jew identifikabbli jew għal data personali li ssir anonima b’tali mod li s-suġġett tad-data ma jkunx jew ma jkunx għadu identifikabbli.

Għaldaqstant, dan ir-Regolament ma jikkonċernax l-ipproċessar ta’ tali informazzjoni anonima, inkluż għal finijiet ta’ statistika jew ta’ riċerka.

(26) The principles of data protection should apply to any information concerning an identified or identifiable natural person.

Personal data which have undergone pseudonymisation, which could be attributed to a natural person by the use of additional information should be considered to be information on an identifiable natural person.

To determine whether a natural person is identifiable, account should be taken of all the means reasonably likely to be used, such as singling out, either by the controller or by another person to identify the natural person directly or indirectly.

To ascertain whether means are reasonably likely to be used to identify the natural person, account should be taken of all objective factors, such as the costs of and the amount of time required for identification, taking into consideration the available technology at the time of the processing and technological developments.

The principles of data protection should therefore not apply to anonymous information, namely information which does not relate to an identified or identifiable natural person or to personal data rendered anonymous in such a manner that the data subject is not or no longer identifiable.

This Regulation does not therefore concern the processing of such anonymous information, including for statistical or research purposes.

Kummentarju Artikoli relatati Linji ta 'Gwida & Ġurisprudenza Ħalli kumment
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(EN) Anonymisation should not be confused with depersonalization in the meaning adopted in the Russian Federation. In accordance with Article 3 of the Federal Personal Data Act No. 152-FZ of 27 July 2006 (in the wording of 31 January 2017) «depersonalization of personal data» means actions as a result of which it becomes impossible to determine the belonging of personal data to a specific subject of personal data without using an additional information. Under the GDPR the term «anonymisation» means…

(EN) […]


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(EN) Author
(EN) Siarhei Varankevich CIPP/E, CIPM, CIPT, MBA, FIP
FIP_IAPP
(EN) Co-Founder & CEO of Data Privacy Office LLC. Data Protection Trainer and Principal Consultant
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