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RĠPD (GDPR) > Artikolu 17. Dritt għal tħassir (“dritt li wieħed jintesa”)
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Artikolu 17 RĠPD (GDPR). Dritt għal tħassir (“dritt li wieħed jintesa”)

Article 17 GDPR. Right to erasure (‘right to be forgotten’)

1. Is-suġġett tad-data għandu d-dritt li jikseb mingħand il-kontrollur it-tħassir ta’ data personali dwaru mingħajr dewmien żejjed u l-kontrollur għandu l-obbligu li jħassar data personali mingħajr dewmien żejjed jekk tkun tapplika waħda minn dawn ir-raġunijiet li ġejjin:

1. The data subject shall have the right to obtain from the controller the erasure of personal data concerning him or her without undue delay and the controller shall have the obligation to erase personal data without undue delay where one of the following grounds applies:

Kummentarju
(EN) Author
(EN) Siarhei Varankevich CIPP/E, CIPM, CIPT, MBA, FIP
FIP_IAPP
(EN) Co-Founder & CEO of Data Privacy Office LLC. Data Protection Trainer and Principal Consultant

(a) id-data personali ma tkunx għadha meħtieġa fir-rigward tal-għanijiet li għalihom tkun inġabret jew ġiet ipproċessata mod ieħor id-data;

(a) the personal data are no longer necessary in relation to the purposes for which they were collected or otherwise processed;

(b) is-suġġett tad-data jirtira l-kunsens li fuqu huwa bbażat l-ipproċessar skont l-Artikolu 6(1)(a) jew l-Artikolu 9(2)(a) u fejn ma jkun hemm l-ebda raġuni legali għall-ipproċessar;

(b) the data subject withdraws consent on which the processing is based according to point (a) of Article 6(1), or point (a) of Article 9(2), and where there is no other legal ground for the processing;

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(c) is-suġġett tad-data joġġezzjona għall-ipproċessar skont l-Artikolu 21(1) u ma jkun hemm l-ebda raġuni leġittima prevalenti għall-ipproċessar, jew is-suġġett tad-data joġġezzjona għall-ipproċessar skont l-Artikolu 21(2);

(c) the data subject objects to the processing pursuant to Article 21(1) and there are no overriding legitimate grounds for the processing, or the data subject objects to the processing pursuant to Article 21(2);

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(d) id-data personali tkun ġiet ipproċessata illegalment;

(d) the personal data have been unlawfully processed;

(e) id-data personali tkun trid titħassar biex ikun hemm konformità ma’ obbligu legali fil-liġi tal-Unjoni jew ta’ Stat Membru li għalih huwa soġġett il-kontrollur;

(e) the personal data have to be erased for compliance with a legal obligation in Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject;

(f) id-data personali tkun inġabret fir-rigward tal-offerta ta’ servizzi tas-soċjetà tal-informazzjoni msemmija fl-Artikolu 8(1).

(f) the personal data have been collected in relation to the offer of information society services referred to in Article 8(1).

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2. Fejn il-kontrollur ikun ippubblika d-data personali u jiġi obbligat skont il-paragrafu 1 li jħassar id-data personali, il-kontrollur, b’kont meħud tat-teknoloġija disponibbli u l-ispiża tal-implimentazzjoni, għandu jieħu passi raġonevoli, inklużi miżuri tekniċi, biex jinforma lill-kontrolluri li jkunu qegħdin jipproċessaw id-data personali, li s-suġġett tad-data talabhom iħassru kwalunkwe konnessjoni għal dik id-data personali, jew koppja jew replika tagħha.

2. Where the controller has made the personal data public and is obliged pursuant to paragraph 1 to erase the personal data, the controller, taking account of available technology and the cost of implementation, shall take reasonable steps, including technical measures, to inform controllers which are processing the personal data that the data subject has requested the erasure by such controllers of any links to, or copy or replication of, those personal data.

ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII processors.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 17(2) GDPR:

8.3.1 Obligations to PII principals

Control

The organization should provide the customer with the means to comply with its obligations related to PII principals.

Implementation guidance

A PII controller’s obligations can be defined by legislation, by regulation and/or by contract.

(EN) […]


to read the full text

3. Il-paragrafi 1 u 2 ma għandhomx japplikaw sakemm dak l-ipproċessar jkun meħtieġ:

3. Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the extent that processing is necessary:

ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 17(3) GDPR:

7.2.2 Identify lawful basis

Control

The organization should determine, document and comply with the relevant lawful basis for the processing of PII for the identified purposes.

Implementation guidance

Some jurisdictions require the organization to be able to demonstrate that the lawfulness of processing was duly established before the processing.

(EN) […]


to read the full text

(a) għall-eżerċizzju tad-dritt tal-libertà ta’ espressjoni u informazzjoni;

(a) for exercising the right of freedom of expression and information;

(b) għal konformità ma’ obbligu legali li jeħtieġ ipproċessar skont il-liġi tal-Unjoni jew ta’ Stat Membru li għaliha jkun soġġett il-kontrollur jew għat-twettiq ta’ kompitu mwettaq fl-interess pubbliku jew fl-eżerċizzju tal-awtorità uffiċjali mogħtija lill-kontrollur;

(b) for compliance with a legal obligation which requires processing by Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject or for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the controller;

(c) għal raġunijiet ta’ interess pubbliku fil-qasam tas-saħħa pubblika f’konformità mal-punti (h) u (i) tal-Artikolu 9(2) kif ukoll mal-Artikolu 9(3);

(c) for reasons of public interest in the area of public health in accordance with points (h) and (i) of Article 9(2) as well as Article 9(3);

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(d) għal finijiet ta’ arkivjar fl-interess pubbliku, għal finijiet ta’ riċerka xjentifika jew storika jew għal finijiet ta’ statistika skont l-Artikolu 89(1) sa fejn id-dritt imsemmi fil-paragrafu 1 x’aktarx ikun ser jagħmel impossibbli jew ixekkel serjament il-ksib tal-objettivi ta’ dak l-ipproċessar; jew

(d) for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes in accordance with Article 89(1) in so far as the right referred to in paragraph 1 is likely to render impossible or seriously impair the achievement of the objectives of that processing; or

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(e) għall-istabbiliment, l-eżerċizzju jew id-difiża ta’ talbiet legali.

(e) for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims.

Kummentarju ISO 27701 Premessi Linji ta 'Gwida & Ġurisprudenza Ħalli kumment
Kummentarju

(EN) The so-called “right to be forgotten” was hailed as a breakthrough with the adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation, even though it existed in a limited form before. Article 17 provides for a broader “right to erasure”, to take into account the exact wording of the provision. European Union residents have a right to ask for the deletion of their personal data, and the organization that holds the data has a corresponding obligation to erase them “without undue delay” under a certain number of circumstances.

(EN) […]


to read the full text

(EN) Author
Louis-Philippe Gratton
(EN) Louis-Philippe Gratton PhD, LLM
(EN) Privacy Expert

(EN)

Data Subject Request Letter Sample

Concern: Request to erase my personal data

Dear Madam, Dear Sir,

You have data concerning me that I am asking you to delete…

(EN) […]


to read the full text

ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 17 GDPR:

7.3.6 Access, correction and/or erasure

Control

The organization should implement policies, procedures and/or mechanisms to meet their obligations to PII principals to access, correct and/or erase their PII.

Implementation guidance

The organization should implement policies, procedures and/or mechanisms for enabling PII principals to obtain access to, correct and erase of their PII, if requested and without undue delay.

(EN) […]


to read the full text

Premessi

(65) Suġġett tad-data għandu jkollu d-dritt li jkollu data personali li tirrigwardaha rettifikata u “dritt li jintnesa” fejn iż-żamma ta' tali data tikser dan ir-Regolament jew il-liġi tal-Unjoni jew ta' Stat Membru li jkun soġġett għaliha l-kontrollur. B'mod partikolari, suġġett tad-data għandu jkollu d-dritt li d-data personali tiegħu titħassar u ma tiġix ipproċessata aktar, fejn id-data ma tibqax meħtieġa fir-rigward tal-għanijiet li għalihom tinġabar jew inkella tiġi pproċessata, fejn suġġett tad-data jkun irtira il-kunsens tiegħu jew joġġezzjona għall-ipproċessar ta' data personali li tirrigwardah jew inkella fejn l-ipproċessar tad-data personali tiegħu ma tikkonformax ma' dan ir-Regolament. Dak id-dritt huwa rilevanti b'mod partikolari, fejn is-suġġett tad-data jkun ta l-kunsens tiegħu meta kien tfal u, mhuwiex għal kollox konxju mir-riskji involuti fl-ipproċessar, u aktar tard ikun jixtieq ineħħi din id-data personali, b'mod speċjali fuq l-internet. Is-suġġett tad-data għandu jkun jista' jeżerċita dak id-dritt minkejja l-fatt li huwa m'għadux tifel jew tifla. Madankollu, iż-żamma ulterjuri tad-data personali għandha tkun legali fejn tkun meħtieġa għall-eżerċizzju tad-dritt tal-libertà ta' espressjoni u ta' informazzjoni, għall-konformità ma' obbligu legali, għat-twettiq ta' kompitu mwettaq fl-interess tal-pubbliku jew fl-eżerċizzju ta' awtorità uffiċjali mogħtija lill-kontrollur, għal raġunijiet ta' interess pubbliku fil-qasam tas-saħħa pubblika, għal finijiet ta' arkivjar fl-interess pubbliku, għal finijiet ta' riċerka xjentifika jew storika jew għal finijiet ta' statistika, jew għall-istabbiliment, l-eżerċizzju jew id-difiża ta' talbiet legali.

(65) A data subject should have the right to have personal data concerning him or her rectified and a ‘right to be forgotten’ where the retention of such data infringes this Regulation or Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject. In particular, a data subject should have the right to have his or her personal data erased and no longer processed where the personal data are no longer necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are collected or otherwise processed, where a data subject has withdrawn his or her consent or objects to the processing of personal data concerning him or her, or where the processing of his or her personal data does not otherwise comply with this Regulation. That right is relevant in particular where the data subject has given his or her consent as a child and is not fully aware of the risks involved by the processing, and later wants to remove such personal data, especially on the internet. The data subject should be able to exercise that right notwithstanding the fact that he or she is no longer a child. However, the further retention of the personal data should be lawful where it is necessary, for exercising the right of freedom of expression and information, for compliance with a legal obligation, for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the controller, on the grounds of public interest in the area of public health, for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes, or for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims.

(66) Sabiex jissaħħaħ id-“dritt li tintnesa” fl-ambjent online, id-dritt għat-tħassir għandu jkun estiż ukoll b'mod li kontrollur li jkun għamel id-data personali pubblika għandu jkun obbligat li jinforma lill-kontrolluri li jipproċessaw tali data personali biex iħassru kwalunkwe link għal, jew kopja jew replika ta', dik id-data personali. Meta jagħmel dan, dak il-kontrollur għandu jieħu passi raġonevoli, b'kont tat-teknoloġija disponibbli u l-mezzi disponibbli għall-kontrollur, inklużi miżuri tekniċi, biex jinforma lill-kontrolluri li jipproċessaw id-data bit-talba tas-suġġett tad-data.

(66) To strengthen the right to be forgotten in the online environment, the right to erasure should also be extended in such a way that a controller who has made the personal data public should be obliged to inform the controllers which are processing such personal data to erase any links to, or copies or replications of those personal data. In doing so, that controller should take reasonable steps, taking into account available technology and the means available to the controller, including technical measures, to inform the controllers which are processing the personal data of the data subject's request.

Linji ta 'Gwida & Ġurisprudenza Ħalli kumment
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