Nascleanúint
RGCS (GDPR) > Airteagal 22. Cinnteoireacht aonair uathoibrithe, lena n-áirítear próifíliú
Íoslódáil PDF

Airteagal 22 RGCS (GDPR). Cinnteoireacht aonair uathoibrithe, lena n-áirítear próifíliú

Article 22 GDPR. Automated individual decision-making, including profiling

1. Beidh sé de cheart ag an ábhar sonraí gan a bheith faoi réir cinneadh a bhunaítear ar an bpróiseáil uathoibrithe amháin, lena n-áirítear próifíliú, a mbíonn éifeachtaí dlíthiúla aige a bhaineann leis nó léi nó lena n-imrítear éifeacht shuntasach, air nó uirthi.

1. The data subject shall have the right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing, including profiling, which produces legal effects concerning him or her or similarly significantly affects him or her.

Tráchtaireacht
(EN) Author
(EN) Siarhei Varankevich CIPP/E, CIPM, CIPT, MBA, FIP
FIP_IAPP
(EN) Co-Founder & CEO of Data Privacy Office LLC. Data Protection Trainer and Principal Consultant

2. Ní bheidh feidhm ag mír 1 más fíor an méid seo a leanasi dtaca leis an gcinneadh:

2. Paragraph 1 shall not apply if the decision:

(a) tá sé riachtanach chun conradh a dhéanamh nó a fheidhmiú idir an t-ábhar sonraí agus rialaitheoir sonraí;

(a) is necessary for entering into, or performance of, a contract between the data subject and a data controller;

(b) údaraítear é faoi dhlí an Aontais nó faoi dhlí Ballstáit a bhfuil an rialaitheoir faoina réir agus lena leagtar síos freisin bearta iomchuí chun cearta agus saoirsí agus leasanna dlisteanacha an ábhair sonraí a choimirciú; nó

(b) is authorised by Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject and which also lays down suitable measures to safeguard the data subject‘s rights and freedoms and legitimate interests; or

(c) tá sé bunaithe ar thoiliú sainráite an ábhair sonraí.

(c) is based on the data subject’s explicit consent.

Téacsanna gaolmhara

3. Sna cásanna dá dtagraítear i bpointe (a) agus i bpointe (c) de mhír 2, cuirfidh an rialaitheoir sonraí bearta iomchuí chun feidhme chun cearta agus saoirsí agus leasanna dlisteanacha an ábhair sonraí a choimirciú, ar a laghad ceart an rialaitheora chun idirghabháil daoine a fháil, chun a dhearcadh nó a dearcadh a chur in iúl agus chun agóid a dhéanamh i gcoinne an chinnidh.

3. In the cases referred to in points (a) and (c) of paragraph 2, the data controller shall implement suitable measures to safeguard the data subject‘s rights and freedoms and legitimate interests, at least the right to obtain human intervention on the part of the controller, to express his or her point of view and to contest the decision.

4. Cinntí dá dtagraítear i mír 2, ní bheidh siad bunaithe ar chatagóirí speisialta sonraí pearsanta dá dtagraítear in Airteagal 9(1), ach amháin sa chás go bhfuil feidhm ag pointe (a) nó ag pointe (g) d’Airteagal 9(2) agus go mbeidh bearta iomchuí ann chun cearta agus saoirsí agus leasanna dlisteanacha an ábhair sonraí a choimirciú.

4. Decisions referred to in paragraph 2 shall not be based on special categories of personal data referred to in Article 9(1), unless point (a) or (g) of Article 9(2) applies and suitable measures to safeguard the data subject’s rights and freedoms and legitimate interests are in place.

Téacsanna gaolmhara
Tráchtaireacht ISO 27701 Recitals Dlí Treoirlínte & Cásanna Leave a comment
Tráchtaireacht

(EN)

Data Subject Request Letter Sample

Concern: Request to object to automated decision

Dear Madam, Dear Sir,

I am subject to a decision made by your [company | organization | etc.] based solely on [automated processing | profiling | etc.].

(EN) […]


to read the full text

(EN) Author
Louis-Philippe Gratton
(EN) Louis-Philippe Gratton PhD, LLM
(EN) Privacy Expert
ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraphs to article 22 GDPR:

7.2.2 Identify lawful basis

Control

The organization should determine, document and comply with the relevant lawful basis for the processing of PII for the identified purposes.

Implementation guidance

Some jurisdictions require the organization to be able to demonstrate that the lawfulness of processing was duly established before the processing.

(EN) […]


to read the full text

Recitals

(71) Ba cheart an ceart a bheith ag an ábhar sonraí gan a bheith faoi réir cinneadh, a bhféadfadh beart a bheith mar chuid de, lena meastar gnéithe pearsanta a bhaineann leis nó léi agus atá bunaithe ar phróiseáil uathoibrithe amháin agus ag a mbíonn éifeachtaí dlíthiúla maidir leis nó léi nó a mbíonn éifeacht chomhchosúil shuntasach aige air nó uirthi, amhail diúltú uathoibríoch d'iarratas ar líne i leith creidmheas a fháil nó cleachtais earcaíocht ar líne nach mbaineann aon idirghabháil le duine leo. Áirítear ar phróiseáil den sórt sin “próifíliú”, arb é atá i gceist leis foirm ar bith de phróiseáil uathoibrithe a dhéantar ar shonraí pearsanta lena meastar na gnéithe pearsanta a bhaineann le duine nádúrtha, go háirithe chun anailís nó tuar a dhéanamh ar ghnéithe a bhaineann le feidhmíocht an ábhair sonraí ag an obair, le staid eacnamaíochta, le sláinte, le roghanna pearsanta nó le díol spéise, le hiontaofacht nó iompar an duine sin, leis an áit ina bhfuil an duine sin nó le gluaiseachtaí an duine sin, i gcás ina mbíonn éifeachtaí dlíthiúla mar thoradh air sin a bhaineann leis nó léi nó a mbíonn éifeachtaí comhchosúla suntasacha aici air nó uirthi. Ba cheart, áfach, cinnteoireacht a cheadú atá bunaithe ar phróiseáil den sórt sin, lena n-áirítear próifíliú, nuair atá sin údaraithe go sainráite le dlí an Aontais nó le dlí Ballstáit a bhfuil an rialaitheoir faoina réir, lena n-áirítear chun faireachán a dhéanamh ar chalaois agus ar imghabháil cánach agus chun críocha iad a chosc, ar faireachán é a dhéantar i gcomhréir le rialacháin, caighdeáin agus moltaí institiúidí de chuid an Aontais nó comhlachtaí náisiúnta maoirseachta, agus chun go n-áirithítear sláine agus iontaofacht seirbhíse a sholáthraíonn an rialaitheoir, nó atá riachtanach maidir le conradh a dhéanamh nó a chomhlíonadh idir an t-ábhar sonraí agus rialaitheoir, nó sa chás gur thug an t-ábhar sonraí a chead sainráite nó a cead sainráite. In aon chás, ba cheart próiseáil den sórt sin a bheith faoi réir coimircí oiriúnacha, agus ba cheart a áireamh ar choimircí den sórt sin faisnéis shonrach don ábhar sonraí agus an ceart idirghabháil ó dhuine a fháil, an ceart a dhearcadh nó a dearcadh a chur in iúl, an ceart míniú a fháil ar an gcinneadh a rinneadh i ndiaidh measúnú den sórt sin agus an ceart agóid a dhéanamh i gcoinne an chinnidh. Níor cheart baint a bheith ag beart den sórt sin le leanbh.

(71) The data subject should have the right not to be subject to a decision, which may include a measure, evaluating personal aspects relating to him or her which is based solely on automated processing and which produces legal effects concerning him or her or similarly significantly affects him or her, such as automatic refusal of an online credit application or e-recruiting practices without any human intervention. Such processing includes ‘profiling’ that consists of any form of automated processing of personal data evaluating the personal aspects relating to a natural person, in particular to analyse or predict aspects concerning the data subject's performance at work, economic situation, health, personal preferences or interests, reliability or behaviour, location or movements, where it produces legal effects concerning him or her or similarly significantly affects him or her. However, decision-making based on such processing, including profiling, should be allowed where expressly authorised by Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject, including for fraud and tax-evasion monitoring and prevention purposes conducted in accordance with the regulations, standards and recommendations of Union institutions or national oversight bodies and to ensure the security and reliability of a service provided by the controller, or necessary for the entering or performance of a contract between the data subject and a controller, or when the data subject has given his or her explicit consent. In any case, such processing should be subject to suitable safeguards, which should include specific information to the data subject and the right to obtain human intervention, to express his or her point of view, to obtain an explanation of the decision reached after such assessment and to challenge the decision. Such measure should not concern a child.

Chun próiseáil chothrom thrédhearcach a áirithiú i ndáil leis an ábhar sonraí, agus na himthosca sonracha agus an comhthéacs sonrach a bhaineann le próiseáil na sonraí pearsanta á gcur san áireamh, ba cheart don rialaitheoir nósanna imeachta iomchuí matamaiticiúla nó staidrimh a úsáid don phróifíliú, bearta teicniúla agus eagraíochtúla a chur chun feidhme, arb iomchuí iad chun a áirithiú, go háirithe, go ndéantar tosca, a mbíonn míchruinnis sna sonraí pearsanta mar thoradh orthu, a cheartú, agus a áirithiú go ndéantar an riosca maidir le hearráidí a íoslaghdú, chun sonraí pearsanta a shlánú ar bhealach lena gcuirtear san áireamh na bagairtí a d'fhéadfadh a bheith i gceist maidir le leasanna agus cearta an ábhair sonraí agus lena gcuirtear cosc, inter alia, ar éifeachtaí idirdhealaithe atá ar dhaoine nádúrtha ar bhonn tionscnamh ciníoch nó eitneach, tuairimí polaitiúla, reiligiúin nó creidimh, duine a bheith mar chomhalta de cheardchumann, stádas géiniteach nó sláinte, gnéaschlaonta, nó a bhfuil bearta lena ngabhfadh éifeacht den sórt sin mar thoradh orthu. Níor cheart cinnteoireacht ná próifíliú uathoibrithe bunaithe ar chatagóirí speisialta sonraí pearsanta a cheadú ach amháin faoi choinníollacha sonracha.

In order to ensure fair and transparent processing in respect of the data subject, taking into account the specific circumstances and context in which the personal data are processed, the controller should use appropriate mathematical or statistical procedures for the profiling, implement technical and organisational measures appropriate to ensure, in particular, that factors which result in inaccuracies in personal data are corrected and the risk of errors is minimised, secure personal data in a manner that takes account of the potential risks involved for the interests and rights of the data subject and that prevents, inter alia, discriminatory effects on natural persons on the basis of racial or ethnic origin, political opinion, religion or beliefs, trade union membership, genetic or health status or sexual orientation, or that result in measures having such an effect. Automated decision-making and profiling based on special categories of personal data should be allowed only under specific conditions.

(72) Tá an próifíliú faoi réir rialacha an Rialacháin seo lena rialaítear an phróiseáil a dhéantar ar shonraí pearsanta, amhail na forais dhlíthiúla le haghaidh próiseála nó prionsabail maidir le cosaint sonraí. Ba cheart an Bord Eorpach um Chosaint Sonraí arna bhunú leis an Rialachán seo (“an Bord”) bheith in ann treoir a eisiúint sa chomhthéacs sin.

(72) Profiling is subject to the rules of this Regulation governing the processing of personal data, such as the legal grounds for processing or data protection principles. The European Data Protection Board established by this Regulation (the ‘Board’) should be able to issue guidance in that context.

Dlí Treoirlínte & Cásanna Leave a comment
[js-disqus]