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GDPR > ์ œ81์กฐ. ๋ฒ•์  ์ ˆ์ฐจ ์ค‘์ง€
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์ œ81์กฐ GDPR. ๋ฒ•์  ์ ˆ์ฐจ ์ค‘์ง€

Article 81 GDPR. Suspension of proceedings

1. ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๊ด€ํ•  ๋ฒ•์›์ด ํƒ€ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๋ฒ•์›์— ๊ณ„๋ฅ˜ ์ค‘์ธ ๋™์ผํ•œ ์ปจํŠธ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ํ”„๋กœ์„ธ์„œ์˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋™์ผํ•œ ์‚ฌ์•ˆ์˜ ๋ฒ•์  ์ ˆ์ฐจ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ๊ทธ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๋ฒ•์›์— ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•˜์—ฌ ํ•ด๋‹น ๋ฒ•์  ์ ˆ์ฐจ์˜ ์กด์žฌ ์œ ๋ฌด๋ฅผ ํ™•์ธํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.

1. Where a competent court of a Member State has information on proceedings, concerning the same subject matter as regards processing by the same controller or processor, that are pending in a court in another Memberย State, it shall contact that court in the other Memberย State to confirm the existence of such proceedings.

2. ๋™์ผ ์ปจํŠธ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ํ”„๋กœ์„ธ์„œ์˜ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋™์ผ ์‚ฌ์•ˆ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ๋ฒ•์  ์ ˆ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ํƒ€ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๋ฒ•์›์— ๊ณ„๋ฅ˜ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์ตœ์ดˆ์˜ ๋ฒ•์› ์™ธ์— ์–ด๋Š ๊ด€ํ•  ๋ฒ•์›์ด๋ผ๋„ ๊ทธ ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ์ค‘์ง€์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.

2. Where proceedings concerning the same subject matter as regards processing of the same controller or processor are pending in a court in another Memberย State, any competent court other than the court first seized may suspend its proceedings.

3. ๊ทธ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ ˆ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์ œ1์‹ฌ์—์„œ ๊ณ„๋ฅ˜ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์ตœ์ดˆ ๋ฒ•์›์ด ๋…ผ์˜๋˜๋Š” ์กฐ์น˜์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ด€ํ• ๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๊ณ  ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์ด ๊ด€ํ• ๊ถŒ์˜ ํ†ตํ•ฉ์„ ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์ตœ์ดˆ ๋ฒ•์› ์™ธ์— ์–ด๋Š ๋ฒ•์›์ด๋ผ๋„ ๋‹น์‚ฌ์ž ์ค‘ ํ•œ ์ชฝ์˜ ์‹ ์ฒญ์œผ๋กœ ๊ด€ํ• ๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฑฐ๋ถ€ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.

3. Where those proceedings are pending at first instance, any court other than the court first seized may also, on the application of one of the parties, decline jurisdiction if the court first seized has jurisdiction over the actions in question and its law permits the consolidation thereof.

์ „๋ฌธ (Recitals) ์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋‚จ๊ฒจ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”
์ „๋ฌธ (Recitals)

(144) ๊ฐ๋…๊ธฐ๊ด€์˜ ๊ฒฐ์ •์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๊ด€์žฅํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฒ•์ •์€ ๋™์ผํ•œ ์ปจํŠธ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ํ”„๋กœ์„ธ์„œ์— ์˜ํ•œ ์ •๋ณด์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ์™€ ๊ด€๋ จ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋™์ผ์˜ ์‚ฌ์•ˆ ๋“ฑ ๋™์ผํ•œ ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ๋‚˜ ์†Œ์†ก ์‚ฌ์œ ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๊ด€๋ จ ๋ฒ•์ •์— ์†Œ๊ฐ€ ์ œ๊ธฐ๋œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ„์ฃผํ•  ์‚ฌ์œ ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ด€๋ จ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ์˜ ์—ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํ™•์ธํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•ด๋‹น ๋ฒ•์ •์— ์—ฐ๋ฝ์„ ์ทจํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ด€๋ จ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์˜ ๋ฒ•์ •์—์„œ ๊ณ„๋ฅ˜ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์ฒ˜์Œ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๊ด€์žฅํ–ˆ๋˜ ๋ฒ•์ • ์™ธ์— ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ฒ•์ •์€ ์†Œ์†ก์„ ์ค‘์ง€ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ๋‹น์‚ฌ์ž ํ•œ ์ธก์˜ ์š”์ฒญ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ, ์ฒ˜์Œ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๊ด€์žฅํ•œ ๋ฒ•์ •์ด ํ•ด๋‹น ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋ฒ•๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์˜ ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์ด ๊ด€๋ จ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ์˜ ํ†ตํ•ฉ์„ ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ํ•ด๋‹น ๋ฒ•์ •์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ์‚ฌ๋ฒ•๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฑฐ์ ˆํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋“ค์€ ๋งค์šฐ ๋ฐ€์ ‘ํžˆ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ๋˜์–ด ๊ฐœ๋ณ„์ ์ธ ์†Œ์†ก ์ ˆ์ฐจ๋กœ ์•ผ๊ธฐ๋˜๋Š” ์–‘๋ฆฝ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ํŒ๊ฒฐ์˜ ์œ„ํ—˜์„ ๋ฐฉ์ง€ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•จ๊ป˜ ์‹ฌ๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ํŽธ๋ฆฌํ•œ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์„œ๋กœ ๊ด€๋ จ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ„์ฃผ๋œ๋‹ค.

(144) Where a court seized of proceedings against a decision by a supervisory authority has reason to believe that proceedings concerning the same processing, such as the same subject matter as regards processing by the same controller or processor, or the same cause of action, are brought before a competent court in another Memberย State, it should contact that court in order to confirm the existence of such related proceedings. If related proceedings are pending before a court in another Memberย State, any court other than the court first seized may stay its proceedings or may, on request of one of the parties, decline jurisdiction in favour of the court first seized if that court has jurisdiction over the proceedings in question and its law permits the consolidation of such related proceedings. Proceedings are deemed to be related where they are so closely connected that it is expedient to hear and determine them together in order to avoid the risk of irreconcilable judgments resulting from separate proceedings.

์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋‚จ๊ฒจ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”
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