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GDPR > ์ œ80์กฐ. ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๋Œ€๋ฆฌ
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์ œ80์กฐ GDPR. ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๋Œ€๋ฆฌ

Article 80 GDPR. Representation of data subjects

1. ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด๋Š” ํšŒ์›๊ตญ ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์ ์ ˆํžˆ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ๋˜๊ณ  ๋ฒ•์ • ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ๊ณต์ต์— ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ๋ณดํ˜ธ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐ ์ž์œ ์˜ ๋ณดํ˜ธ ๋ถ„์•ผ์—์„œ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ™œ๋™ํ•˜๋Š” ๋น„์˜๋ฆฌ ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ์กฐ์ง ๋˜๋Š” ํ˜‘ํšŒ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ณธ์ธ์„ ๋Œ€์‹ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ฏผ์›์„ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•˜๊ณ  ์ œ77์กฐ, ์ œ78์กฐ ๋ฐ ์ œ79์กฐ์— ๋ช…์‹œ๋œ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋Œ€์‹  ํ–‰์‚ฌํ•˜๋ฉฐ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์ด ๊ทœ์ •ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์ œ82์กฐ์— ๋ช…์‹œ๋œ ๋ณด์ƒ ๋ฐ›์„ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋Œ€์‹  ํ–‰์‚ฌํ•˜๋„๋ก ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค.

1. The data subject shall have the right to mandate a not-for-profit body, organisation or association which has been properly constituted in accordance with the law of a Memberย State, has statutory objectives which are in the public interest, and is active in the field of the protection of data subjects’ rights and freedoms with regard to the protection of their personal data to lodge the complaint on his or her behalf, to exercise the rights referred to in Articlesย 77, 78 and 79 on his or her behalf, and to exercise the right to receive compensation referred to in Articleย 82 on his or her behalf where provided for by Memberย State law.

๊ด€๋ จ ๊ต๊ณผ์„œ

2. ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์€ ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ ๋ณธ ๊ทœ์ •์— ์˜๊ฑฐํ•œ ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์นจํ•ด๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํŒ๋‹จ๋  ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ๋ณธ ์กฐ ์ œ1ํ•ญ์— ๋ช…์‹œ๋œ ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ์กฐ์ง ๋˜๋Š” ํ˜‘ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๊ถŒํ•œ๊ณผ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—†์ด ์ž๊ตญ์—์„œ ์ œ77์กฐ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ๊ด€ํ•  ๊ฐ๋…๊ธฐ๊ด€์— ๋ฏผ์›์„ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•  ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ทœ์ •ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.

2. Member States may provide that any body, organisation or association referred to in paragraphย 1 of this Article, independently of a data subject’s mandate, has the right to lodge, in that Member State, a complaint with the supervisory authority which is competent pursuant to Article 77 and to exercise the rights referred to in Articlesย 78 andย 79 if it considers that the rights of a data subject under this Regulation have been infringed as a result of the processing.

๊ด€๋ จ ๊ต๊ณผ์„œ
์ „๋ฌธ (Recitals) ์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋‚จ๊ฒจ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”
์ „๋ฌธ (Recitals)

(142) ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋ณธ ๊ทœ์ •์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ๋ณธ์ธ์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์นจํ•ด๋œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ํ•ด๋‹น์ธ์€ ํšŒ์›๊ตญ ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์„ค๋ฆฝ๋˜๊ณ  ๊ณต์ต์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋ฒ•์  ์˜๋ฌด๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ๋ณดํ˜ธ ๋ถ„์•ผ์— ํ™œ๋™ ์ค‘์ธ ๋น„์˜๋ฆฌ ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ๋‹จ์ฒด ๋˜๋Š” ํ˜‘ํšŒ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ณธ์ธ์„ ๋Œ€์‹ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ฐ๋…๊ธฐ๊ตฌ์— ๋ฏผ์›์„ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•˜๊ณ , ๋ณธ์ธ์„ ๋Œ€์‹ ํ•˜์—ฌ ์‚ฌ๋ฒ•์  ๊ตฌ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›์„ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ํ–‰์‚ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ํšŒ์›๊ตญ ๋ฒ•๋ฅ ์— ๊ทœ์ •๋œ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๋ณธ์ธ์„ ๋Œ€์‹ ํ•ด ๋ณด์ƒ์„ ๋ฐ›์„ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ํ–‰์‚ฌํ•˜๋„๋ก ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํšŒ์›๊ตญ์€ ๊ทธ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ๋‹จ์ฒด๋‚˜ ํ˜‘ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ์˜ ๊ถŒํ•œ ๋ถ€์—ฌ์™€ ์ƒ๊ด€์—†์ด ์ž๊ตญ ๋‚ด์—์„œ ๋ฏผ์›์„ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•  ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ , ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ณธ ๊ทœ์ •์„ ์นจํ•ดํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฐœ์ธ์ •๋ณด ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์นจํ•ด๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ„์ฃผํ•  ์‚ฌ์œ ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์œ ํšจํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋ฒ•์  ๊ตฌ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›์„ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋„๋ก ๊ทœ์ •ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ•ด๋‹น ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ๋‹จ์ฒด๋‚˜ ํ˜‘ํšŒ๋Š” ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ์˜ ๊ถŒํ•œ ๋ถ€์—ฌ์™€ ์ƒ๊ด€์—†์ด ์ •๋ณด์ฃผ์ฒด๋ฅผ ๋Œ€์‹ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ณด์ƒ์„ ์ฒญ๊ตฌํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค.

(142) Where a data subject considers that his or her rights under this Regulation are infringed, he or she should have the right to mandate a not-for-profit body, organisation or association which is constituted in accordance with the law of a Memberย State, has statutory objectives which are in the public interest and is active in the field of the protection of personal data to lodge a complaint on his or her behalf with a supervisory authority, exercise the right to a judicial remedy on behalf of data subjects or, if provided for in Memberย State law, exercise the right to receive compensation on behalf of data subjects. A Memberย State may provide for such a body, organisation or association to have the right to lodge a complaint in that Member State, independently of a data subject's mandate, and the right to an effective judicial remedy where it has reasons to consider that the rights of a data subject have been infringed as a result of the processing of personal data which infringes this Regulation. That body, organisation or association may not be allowed to claim compensation on a data subject's behalf independently of the data subject's mandate.

์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋‚จ๊ฒจ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”
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