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GDPR > 第 80 條. 資料主體之代表
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第 80 條 GDPR. 資料主體之代表

Article 80 GDPR. Representation of data subjects

1. 資料主體應有權委任依會員國法合法設立、以公益為目的,且在 個人資料保護領域活躍之非營利機構、組織或社團,代其向監管機關 提出申訴、代其行使第 77、78 及 79 條所定之權利,以及於會員國法 有規定時,代其行使第 82 條所定收受賠償金之權利。

1. The data subject shall have the right to mandate a not-for-profit body, organisation or association which has been properly constituted in accordance with the law of a Member State, has statutory objectives which are in the public interest, and is active in the field of the protection of data subjects’ rights and freedoms with regard to the protection of their personal data to lodge the complaint on his or her behalf, to exercise the rights referred to in Articles 77, 78 and 79 on his or her behalf, and to exercise the right to receive compensation referred to in Article 82 on his or her behalf where provided for by Member State law.

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2. 會員國得規範本條第 1 項所定之任何機構、組織或社團,在該會 員國境內享有受資料主體委任,向主管監管機關獨立提出第 77 條所 定之申訴之權利,以及在有理由認為資料主體之權利因違反本規則之 個人資料處理而受有損害時,行使第 78 條及第 79 條所定之權利。

2. Member States may provide that any body, organisation or association referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, independently of a data subject’s mandate, has the right to lodge, in that Member State, a complaint with the supervisory authority which is competent pursuant to Article 77 and to exercise the rights referred to in Articles 78 and 79 if it considers that the rights of a data subject under this Regulation have been infringed as a result of the processing.

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(142) 當資料主體認為其依本規則所享有之權利受到侵害時,其應有 權利委任依會員國法合法設立、以公益為目的,且在個人資料保護領 域活躍之非營利機構、組織或社團,代理其向監管機關提出申訴、代 理該資料主體行使司法救濟之權利,或於會員國法有規定時,代理其 行使收受賠償金之權利。會員國得賦予該等機構、組織或社團在該會 員國境內享有受資料主體委任獨立提出申訴之權利,以及在有理由認為資料主體之權利因違反本規則之個人資料處理而受有損害時,進行 有效司法救濟之權利。惟該等機構、組織或社團得不被允許依資料主 體之授權而獨立代表資料主體請求賠償。

(142) Where a data subject considers that his or her rights under this Regulation are infringed, he or she should have the right to mandate a not-for-profit body, organisation or association which is constituted in accordance with the law of a Member State, has statutory objectives which are in the public interest and is active in the field of the protection of personal data to lodge a complaint on his or her behalf with a supervisory authority, exercise the right to a judicial remedy on behalf of data subjects or, if provided for in Member State law, exercise the right to receive compensation on behalf of data subjects. A Member State may provide for such a body, organisation or association to have the right to lodge a complaint in that Member State, independently of a data subject's mandate, and the right to an effective judicial remedy where it has reasons to consider that the rights of a data subject have been infringed as a result of the processing of personal data which infringes this Regulation. That body, organisation or association may not be allowed to claim compensation on a data subject's behalf independently of the data subject's mandate.

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