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Artikkel 18 GDPR. Õigus isikuandmete töötlemise piiramisele

Article 18 GDPR. Right to restriction of processing

1. Andmesubjektil on õigus nõuda vastutavalt töötlejalt isikuandmete töötlemise piiramist järgmistel juhtudel:

1. The data subject shall have the right to obtain from the controller restriction of processing where one of the following applies:

Ekspertide kommentaar
(EN) Author
(EN) Siarhei Varankevich CIPP/E, CIPM, CIPT, MBA, FIP
FIP_IAPP
(EN) Co-Founder & CEO of Data Privacy Office LLC. Data Protection Trainer and Principal Consultant

a) andmesubjekt vaidlustab isikuandmete õigsuse, ajaks, mis võimaldab vastutaval töötlejal isikuandmete õigsust kontrollida;

(a) the accuracy of the personal data is contested by the data subject, for a period enabling the controller to verify the accuracy of the personal data;

b) isikuandmete töötlemine on ebaseaduslik, kuid andmesubjekt ei taotle isikuandmete kustutamist, vaid kasutamise piiramist;

(b) the processing is unlawful and the data subject opposes the erasure of the personal data and requests the restriction of their use instead;

c) vastutav töötleja ei vaja isikuandmeid enam töötlemise eesmärkidel, kuid need on andmesubjektile vajalikud õigusnõuete koostamiseks, esitamiseks või kaitsmiseks,

(c) the controller no longer needs the personal data for the purposes of the processing, but they are required by the data subject for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims;

d) andmesubjekt on esitanud isikuandmete töötlemise suhtes artikli 21 lõike 1 kohaselt vastuväite, ajaks, kuni kontrollitakse, kas vastutava töötleja õiguspärased põhjused kaaluvad üles andmesubjekti põhjused.

(d) the data subject has objected to processing pursuant to Article 21(1) pending the verification whether the legitimate grounds of the controller override those of the data subject.

Ühendused

2. Kui isikuandmete töötlemist on lõike 1 kohaselt piiratud, võib selliseid isikuandmeid töödelda (välja arvatud säilitamine) ainult andmesubjekti nõusolekul või õigusnõuete koostamiseks, esitamiseks või kaitsmiseks või teise füüsilise või juriidilise isiku õiguste kaitsmiseks või seoses liidu või liikmesriigi olulise avaliku huviga.

2. Where processing has been restricted under paragraph 1, such personal data shall, with the exception of storage, only be processed with the data subject’s consent or for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims or for the protection of the rights of another natural or legal person or for reasons of important public interest of the Union or of a Member State.

ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 18(2) GDPR:

7.2.2 Identify lawful basis

Control

The organization should determine, document and comply with the relevant lawful basis for the processing of PII for the identified purposes.

Implementation guidance

Some jurisdictions require the organization to be able to demonstrate that the lawfulness of processing was duly established before the processing.


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3. Vastutav töötleja teavitab lõike 1 kohaselt isikuandmete töötlemise piiramist nõudnud andmesubjekti enne isikuandmete töötlemise piiramise lõpetamist.

3. A data subject who has obtained restriction of processing pursuant to paragraph 1 shall be informed by the controller before the restriction of processing is lifted.

ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 18(3) GDPR:

7.3.2 Determining information for PII principals

Control

The organization should determine and document the information to be provided to PII principals regarding the processing of their PII and the timing of such a provision.

Implementation guidance

The organization should determine the legal, regulatory and/or business requirements for when information is to be provided to the PII principal (e.g. prior to processing, within a certain time from when it is requested, etc.) and for the type of information to be provided.


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Ekspertide kommentaar ISO 27701 Põhjendustes Jäta kommentaar
Ekspertide kommentaar

(EN) The right to restriction of processing is one of the eight rights granted by the GDPR, but it is not the easiest one to understand at first glance. It can be summed up as an obligation on behalf of the controller to retain data, but they can neither be processed in any other manner nor modified.


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(EN) Author
Louis-Philippe Gratton
(EN) Louis-Philippe Gratton PhD, LLM
(EN) Privacy Expert

(EN)

Data Subject Request Letter Sample

Concern: Request to restrict the processing of my personal data

Dear Madam, Dear Sir,

I am entitled to ask you to restrict the processing of my personal data under Article 18(1) of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)…


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(EN) Author
Louis-Philippe Gratton
(EN) Louis-Philippe Gratton PhD, LLM
(EN) Privacy Expert
ISO 27701

(EN) ISO/IEC 27701, adopted in 2019, added additional ISO/IEC 27002 guidance for PII controllers.

Here is the relevant paragraph to article 18 GDPR:

7.3.4 Providing mechanism to modify or withdraw consent

Control

The organization should provide a mechanism for PII principals to modify or withdraw their consent.

Implementation guidance

The organization should inform PII principals of their rights related to withdrawing consent (which may vary by jurisdiction) at any time, and provide the mechanism to do so.


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Põhjendustes

(67) Isikuandmete töötlemise piiramise meetodid võivad muu hulgas hõlmata valitud isikuandmete ajutist ümberpaigutamist teise töötlemissüsteemi, valitud isikuandmete muutmist kasutajatele kättesaamatuks või avaldatud andmete ajutist kõrvaldamist veebisaidilt. Automaatsetes andmete kogumites tuleks isikuandmete töötlemise piiramine tagada üldjuhul tehniliste vahenditega selliselt, et isikuandmeid enam edasi ei töödelda ja neid ei saa enam muuta. Asjaolu, et isikuandmete töötlemine on piiratud, tuleks süsteemis selgelt määratleda.

(67) Methods by which to restrict the processing of personal data could include, inter alia, temporarily moving the selected data to another processing system, making the selected personal data unavailable to users, or temporarily removing published data from a website. In automated filing systems, the restriction of processing should in principle be ensured by technical means in such a manner that the personal data are not subject to further processing operations and cannot be changed. The fact that the processing of personal data is restricted should be clearly indicated in the system.

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