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GDPR > 第 77 條. 向監管機關提出申訴之權利
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第 77 條 GDPR. 向監管機關提出申訴之權利

Article 77 GDPR. Right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority

1. 在不影響任何其他行政或司法救濟之情況下,如資料主體認為與 其有關之個人資料處理違反本規則者,資料主體應有權向監管機關提 出申訴,尤其係向其住所地、工作地或受侵害地之會員國。

1. Without prejudice to any other administrative or judicial remedy, every data subject shall have the right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State of his or her habitual residence, place of work or place of the alleged infringement if the data subject considers that the processing of personal data relating to him or her infringes this Regulation.

2. 受理申訴之監管機關應通知申訴人申訴之過程及結果,包括依第 78 條規定提起司法救濟之可能性。

2. The supervisory authority with which the complaint has been lodged shall inform the complainant on the progress and the outcome of the complaint including the possibility of a judicial remedy pursuant to Article 78.

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(141) 各資料主體,尤其是在其經常居住之會員國境內,應有向個別 監管機關提出申訴之權利,且於資料主體認為其依據本規則之權利受 到侵害或監管機關對其申訴不予作為、部分或全部不受理或駁回或監 管機關應作為以保護資料主體之權利而不作為時,應有依憲章第 47 條受有效司法救濟之權利。監管機關應在受司法審查下就申訴進行調 查至對於該特定案件適當之程度。監管機關應在合理期間內通知資料 主體就其申訴調查之程序及結果。若該案件需要進一步之調查或須與 另一監管機關合作,其間之資訊應提供予資料主體。為使申訴之提出 能順利進行,各監管機關應採取措施,如提供能以電子格式填具之申 訴提交表格,且亦不排除其他溝通管道。

(141) Every data subject should have the right to lodge a complaint with a single supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State of his or her habitual residence, and the right to an effective judicial remedy in accordance with Article 47 of the Charter if the data subject considers that his or her rights under this Regulation are infringed or where the supervisory authority does not act on a complaint, partially or wholly rejects or dismisses a complaint or does not act where such action is necessary to protect the rights of the data subject. The investigation following a complaint should be carried out, subject to judicial review, to the extent that is appropriate in the specific case. The supervisory authority should inform the data subject of the progress and the outcome of the complaint within a reasonable period. If the case requires further investigation or coordination with another supervisory authority, intermediate information should be given to the data subject. In order to facilitate the submission of complaints, each supervisory authority should take measures such as providing a complaint submission form which can also be completed electronically, without excluding other means of communication.

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